Military Alphabet: A Code with NATO Phonetic Alphabet Chart

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Alfa, Bravo, Charlie, Delta… Have you heard these words before? I bet you have. You heard these words in some military movie for sure. And do you know what these letters mean? These letters are part of the Military Alphabet. And they serve to help soldiers with communications. I will explain everything related to the Military Phonetic Alphabet in this article.

Military Alphabet is a code that is used by armies around the world for easier communication. This Phonetic Alphabet contains 26 letters and acrophonic words for each letter. The standard for this code is also known as the NATO Phonetic Alphabet.

If you want to communicate like a real soldier, you have to learn how to use the Phonetic Alphabet Code. It’s not complicated, and here you will have everything you need to know about the Military Alphabet.

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What is Military Alphabet Code?

Communication in the army is really important, and there is no room for mistakes. It’s not easy to communicate through military radio or with a non-native soldier. That’s the reason the Military Alphabet Code was invented.

The phrase Military Alphabet is mainly used by soldiers. The official name for this alphabet is International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet. Or the other official name is the ICAO phonetic alphabet. The acronym ICAO means The International Civil Aviation Organization.

NATO Phonetic Alphabet Code

The internationally known name for Military Alphabet is NATO Phonetic Alphabet.

This Alphabet contains 26 letters (characters) with acrophonical English words, each word for each letter. For example, the letter D has a word Delta.

You may think it’s not hard to invent this kind of alphabet, but it was. The main point was to create a phonetic alphabet for radio or phone communication with minimal chance for a mistake.

To see how the NATO Alphabet Code looks like, check this image below.

Nato letters

As you can see in the image, each letter has its own word. These words were set to be part of the NATO Phonetic Alphabet because all of them sound phonetically different.

To translate what phonetically different means basically means that it’s hard or maybe even impossible to confuse one word for another due to the sound each word makes; even for non-native people.

So, do you know how to use the NATO Alphabet in communication? Each word you want to say is made up of letters. And you have to spell each letter with given the word from the phonetic alphabet.

For example: Hello. Telling this word in the Military Alphabet is: Hotel-Echo-Lima-Lima-Oscar.

So do you understand how to use and read this Phonetic Alphabet? I bet you do.

How to Pronounce Military Alphabet?

In the previous section, I showed you a NATO Phonetic Alphabet Chart so you already know what this alphabet looks like. But don’t forget, it’s also important to know how to read the Military Alphabet.

Military Alphabet Chart with Pronunciation and Acronyms

That’s the reason I created this simple Military Alphabet Codes Chart with pronunciation and acronyms for each word.

Character Alphabet Pronunciation
A Alpha Al · fah
B Bravo Brah · voh
C Charlie Char · lee
D Delta Dell · tah
E Echo Eck · oh
F Foxtrot Foks · trot
G Golf Golf
H Hotel Hoh · tell
I India In · dee · ah
J Juliet Jew · lee · ett
K Kilo Key · loh
L Lima Lee · mah
M Mike Mike
N November No · vem · ber
O Oscar Oss · ker
P Papa Pah · pah
Q Quebec Kweh · beck
R Romeo Row · me · oh
S Sierra See air rah
T Tango Tang · go
U Uniform You · nee · form
V Victor Vik · tore
W Whiskey Wiss · key
X X-Ray Ecks · ray
Y Yankee Yang · key
Z Zulu Zoo · loo

If you like this Military Alphabet, I created a printable version so you can download and use wherever you want: Military Time Alphabet – Printable Chart.

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To learn how to properly pronounce Alphabet Letters, you can also watch this short video with the correct pronunciation of each letter.

Nowadays, this Alphabet is used not only by militaries but also by other professionals, companies, and other people. Once these other people found the importance of flawless communication, they started using these codes in daily life.

How to Read Military Phonetic Alphabet with Military Time

Are you surprised how Military Time connects with the Military Alphabet? These two formats are connected when you or some want to tell Military Time in different Time Zone.

You already know how to read the Military Alphabet from this article. I will explain how to read Military Time. It’s not complicated.

You have to follow these few rules:

  • Military Time always contains four digits
  • You can divide these four digits into two pairs
  • First pair belongs to hours
  • Second pair belongs to minutes
  • For full hours (the second pair is 00) you have to read the given time as “given number” + “hundred hours”
  • For other given time (the second pair isn’t 00) you have to read it as “two pairs”
  • If the hours or minutes begin with 0 you don’t have to forget to read also this 0 as “zero” or “oh” (using “oh” is more professional)

Do you understand how to read Military Time? If so, great job! But if not, don’t worry, here are some examples for you:

Military Time Pronunciation
0300 Zero Three Hundred hours
0525 Zero Five Twenty-Five hours
0807 Zero Eight Zero Seven hours
1200 Twelve Hundred hours
1530 Fifteen Thirty hours
2105 Twenty-one Zero Five hours

And now I show you how it works with the Phonetic Alphabet Codes.

For example: Military Time 1800 Foxtrot means 6:00 PM Standard Time in F Time Zone which is UTC+6. The major city of this zone is Dhaka, Bangladesh.

TIP: If it’s too complicated for you, learn more about How to Read Military Time properly in this complete article:

How to Read Military Time? Simple Explanation with Examples

TIP 2: You can convert any time you need right now. Just use these simple tools:

Converter from Military Time to Normal Time

Convert Military Time to Standard Time
Standard Time:

Converter from Normal Time to Military Time

Convert Standard time to Military Time
Military Time:

Test Yourself: NATO Phonetic Alphabet Quiz

Now that you have come to this point in my article, you should already know how to use the Phonetic Alphabet. You can try to test yourself. Try to solve these few quiz questions by rewriting each given word to Military Phonetic Alphabet. (The correct answers will be found in the conclusion of this article)

  1. “Hello”
  2. “Military”
  3. “I am the best”

I hope you’ve rewritten the given words with no doubts. Did you? Don’t forget to check correct answers in the conclusion 🙂

TIP: Military Phonetic Code is used also for explaining Military Time Zones. Each Time Zone has each own letter. Learn more about Military Time Zones and the use of the Military Alphabet in this article:

Military Time Zones: Full Guide with Time Zones Chart & Map


First thing first, here are the promised correct answers for Alphabet Quiz:

  1. Hello: Hotel-Echo-Lima-Lima-Oscar
  2. Military: Mike-India-Lima-India-Tango-Alpha-Romeo-Yankee
  3. I am the best: India Alpha-Mike Tango-Hotel-Echo Bravo-Echo-Sierra-Tango

How many answers did you rewrite correctly? I hope all of them.

I hope you learned everything you needed about the Military Phonetic Alphabet.

Military Alphabet Code, also knows as NATO Phonetic Alphabet, is an important part of every soldier’s dictionary. This alphabet is used to avoid confusion when speaking.

NATO Phonetic Alphabet contains 26 letters (characters) with connected words, each word for each character.

Military Phonetic Alphabet Chart is a good helper to find out how to write or say words as the military would say it. It is always available here, and you can use this chart anytime and anywhere you want. And the best thing is that it’s also available in the downloadable version.

If you are still interested in topics related to Military Time feel free to visit other articles in the categories below:

Military Time Tools

About Military Time

Military Time Conversions

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